The communities which we are focusing on are characterized by extreme poverty, neglect, ignorance, apathy and despair. Social problems such as alcoholism, abuse, domestic violence and incest are rite. The main employment opportunities are still on farms, part-time or casual labour.
Although new opportunities are arising through on-going development, many inhabitants of the area are still seasonal or migrant workers.
Over-crowding is increasing as one-time farm labourers are being forced off uncultivated farms.
The living standards of many people in the area have dropped. Little has been done about the allocation of land for informal housing.
The Schaumburg community consists of approximately 850 shacks, housing on average 8 people each, so the estimated population of this area is about 7 000 residents. Most of the inhabitants are migrant labourers or people who were displaced from neighbouring countries and are therefore not eligible for government grants.
There are only 2 boreholes providing water for this area and there are hand pumps which enable residents to access water.
There are no fixed medical or child care facilities, and a mobile clinic visits the area once a month.
The nearest clinic is 20 kilometers away at Hekpoort or Broederstroom, and the nearest hospital is in Brits which is 50 kilometers away. Thus, as can be seen, this is a very under-serviced area.
The families are characterized by granny headed families, single parents, child headed families because parents are deceased or working far away from their homes, leaving children with extended family members.
Resources that are available are local clinic, post office, community churches, 2 primary schools and 1 high school.
The need for skills training, employment counseling, advocacy and basic social work service is great.